Rodded Unit Weight of Coarse Aggregates Test (ASTM C29)

Rodded Unit Weight of Coarse Aggregates according to Astm C29


Astm C29: Determination of the unit weight of coarse aggregates in a compacted condition. This test method is applicable to aggregates not exceeding 15 cm in nominal size. The unit weight so determined is necessary for the design of a concrete mixture by the absolute value methodز


  • Balance accurate to 0.05 kg with a range to at least 25 kg.
  • Straight steel tamping rod 16 mm diameter and about 60 cm in length with one end rounded in a hemispherical tip.
  • Watertight metal bucket having approximately equal height to diameter ratio, but the height should always be between 80 to 150% of the diameter.
  • Quantity of oven-dry aggregate sample should be at least 125% of the quantity required to
    fill the metal pail

TEST PROCEDURE of Rodded Unit Weight of Coarse Aggregates

  1. Calibrate the metal bucket to determine its volume by determining the net weight of water required to fill it and dividing it by the density of water. For this test procedure, it is sufficiently accurate to accept the density of water at room temperature to be 998 kg/m3.
  2. Rodding the aggregates: Fill the bucket one third full and rod the aggregate layer with 25 strokes of the tamping rod, evenly distributed over the surface. Add another layer of aggregates so that the bucket is approximately two thirds full and repeat the rodding procedure. The third layer of aggregates should fill the pail to overflowing. Again repeat the tamping procedure and strike off the excess with the tamping rod. Manually try to balance the depressions below the top of the bucket with slight projections above the top. When tamping the first lift, do not permit the rod to penetrate to the bottom of the bucket. However, the subsequent lifts should penetrate to the top of the previous lift.
  3. The rodded unit weight is computed in kg/m3 from the net weight of the rodded aggregates in the bucket divided by its volume.


– Computations: Calculate the rodded unit weight as follows:

astm c29

Calculate the rodded unit weight to the nearest 10 kg/m3 .

– Data sheet: There are no special data sheets for this test. Follow the instructions included in the above Test Procedure.

MSSD= Rodded unit weight of the saturated surface dry aggregate, kg/m3

G = Combined mass of the oven-dry aggregate and the bucket, kg

T = Mass of the bucket alone, kg

V = Volume of the bucket, m3

A = Percent absorption, determined by ASTM C 127

MSSD= (G – T)(1 + A/100)/V

Reference: Astm C29: Standard Test Method for Bulk Density (“Unit Weight”) and Voids in Aggregate

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