Non-Industrial Floors: Types, Loading, Joint and crack requirements

Non-Industrial Floors This category includes all floors except warehouse and factory floors. Though non-industrial floors get little attention, they are actually far more numerous than their industrial counterparts. Non-industrial floors are usually easier to design and build than industrial floors, for three reasons: First, they generally support very light loads. Second, few of these floors are …

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Equations of Static Equilibrium

Equations of Static Equilibrium

Equations of Static Equilibrium Equations of Static Equilibrium: Consider a case where a book is lying on a frictionless table surface. Now, if we apply a force F1 horizontally as shown in the Fig.1(a), then it starts moving in the direction of the force. However, if we apply the force perpendicular to the book as …

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Variation of Wind Velocity with Height

Variation of Wind Velocity with Height

In this article named “Variation of Wind Velocity with Height”, how wind speed change as a function of structure height is discussed. The viscosity of air reduces its velocity adjacent to the earth’s surface to almost zero, as shown in Figure 1. A retarding effect occurs in the wind layers near the ground, and these …

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Structural Idealization

typical building frame

In order to perform the process of structural design, one has to go through the structural analysis. The analysis includes a main step which is “Structural Idealization” To calculate the forces in the various parts of a structure with reasonable simplicity and accuracy, it is necessary to represent the structure in a simple manner that …

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Structural Forces

typical building frame

Structural Forces A structural system is acted upon by forces. Under the influence of these forces, the entire structure is assumed to be in a state of static equilibrium and, as a consequence, each component of the structure also is in a state of static equilibrium. The forces that act on a structure include the …

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Structural Elements and Systems

Structural Analysis

Structural Elements and Systems: All structural systems are composed of elements. The following are considered to be the primary elements in a structure:  1- Ties: those members that are subjected to axial tension forces only. Load is applied to ties only at the ends. Ties cannot resist flexural forces. 2- Struts: those members that are subjected …

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Basic Principles of Structural Analysis

Structural Analysis

Basic Principles of Structural Analysis: Structural engineering involves an extensive variety of structural systems to deal with such as buildings, bridges, sports stadiums, radio and television towers, arches, storage tanks, aircraft and space structures, concrete pavements, etc. These structures can vary in size from a single member as is the case of a light pole to buildings or …

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